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雄激素受体基因CAG多态性与多囊卵巢综合征的关系

作者:高翠歌 编译 来源:医学论坛网 日期:2015-03-13
导读

         雄激素受体基因CAG多态性与多囊卵巢综合征的关系

The association between androgen receptor gene CAG polymorphism and polycystic ovary syndrome: a case-control study and meta-analysis

Cui Ying Peng, Hui Jun Xie, Zi Fen Guo, Yu Lin Nie, Jun Chen, Jun Mei Zhou, Jie Yin

Purpose

Many studies have been carried out to confirm the relationship between androgen receptor gene CAG repeat polymorphism and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), without consistent results. Hence we conducted the current study to research this relationship.

Methods

224 Chinese Han women with PCOS and 223 in vitro fertilization and embryo transplantation (IVF-ET) infertile women with tubal factor or male infertility served as the controls were recruited in our study. PCR-based assays were applied to genotype the (CAG)n repeat alleles. A meta-analysis including 1,536 PCOS patients and 1,807 controls was conducted to produce a pooled estimate.

Results

We observed that the CAG bi-allelic mean lengths were similar in PCOS patients and controls (22.65 ± 2.5 vs. 23.09 ± 2.1, P = 0.116). When CAG bi-allelic were divided into two categories (mean repeats ≤22, >22), the short AR-CAG bi-allelic showed more frequent in PCOS group than in controls (56.25 % vs 29.14 %, P < 0.001). Further analysis presented that, in PCOS, there was a lower mean CAG repeat lengths in mean bi-allelic lengths (22.3 ± 2.5 vs. 23.9 ± 2.2, P = 0.008) and long bi-allelic lengths (24.3 ± 1.4 vs. 25.9 ± 1.6, P = 0.05) among patients with testosterone less than 0.7 ng/ml compared with those whose testosterone was more than 0.7 ng/ml. Besides, the testosterone were positively correlated with the CAG polymorphism (r = 0.237, P = 0.008), which accorded with our meta-analysis results.

Conclusions

The distribution of AR-CAG allele differed between PCOS patients and controls, and polymorphism of CAG repeat lengths may contribute to hyperandrogenism in PCOS.

Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

September 2014, Volume 31, Issue 9, pp 1211-1219

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